Second Sunday of Advent, 2013
But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are little to be among the clans of Judah,from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ruler in Israel,whose origin is from of old,from ancient days. (Micah 5:2)

And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a ruler who will govern my people Israel.’ (Matthew 2:6)

The solemnity of the moment calls for the place’s full title: Bethlehem, of (the district of) Ephrata, of Judah; to add ‘Ephrata’ and ‘Judah’ was immemorial when speaking of Bethlehem. All texts and versions read Bethlehem, though LXX  (The Septuagint) adds ‘house of’ before Ephrata—an insertion found elsewhere in the Greek. Thus this striking prophecy is as well-established as it is definite. Bethlehem means ‘House of Bread’ and Ephrata, ‘Fruitful’.

–K. Smyth, “Micheas,” in A Catholic Commentary on Holy Scripture, ed. Bernard Orchard and Edmund F. Sutcliffe (Toronto;New York;Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson, 1953), Page 674.

My notes:  Micah is a prophet that lives after Isaiah, perhaps 725 B.C.

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